Incepted in 12th century and mainly used by Kings. This is very find art for cloth printing and its a labor intensive process. As name suggest “Block Printing”, printing on cloth performed by wooden block with combination of right dye. This is time consuming as well as expensive process with compare to today’s machinery world. However there are thousands of customers who love such art.
Today, Rajstathan is major hub of this type of printing and finished product is being exported to around the world.
Essential tools: wooden block, fabric and dye
- Process started with selecting right wooden block. As per end user requirement artisican select wooden block from wide range of collection. Shape of block can be vary from circular, square, rectangle, etc.
- Now we place fabric on printing table and make sure fabric fitted there properly.
- Printing: Printing is done from left to right. When the printer is using the discharge or direct block print methods, the printer dips the block into the dye then presses it onto the fabric. The printer slams the back of the block hard with the fist to create a clear impression. Then the printer moves the block to the next portion of fabric to be dyed, using points on the block to serve as a guide for the placement of the block.
- When pattern is finished on the whole length of fabric, the piece is treated to fix the dyes. First, the fabric is dried in the sun. Once dried, the fabric is rolled in newspapers and steamed in special boilers. After steaming, the fabric is washed, dried in the sun again, and ironed. Each of these steps contributes to fixing the pigment and making the colors rich and vibrant.